Ulex europaeus

Family Fabaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [Weeds of National Significance; NSW's Noxious Weeds; World's Worst Invasive Alien Species]
Common namesCommon Gorse, European Gorse, Furze, Golden Gorse, Gorse, Irish Furze, Whin
SynonymsUlex armoricanus Mabille; Ulex compositus Moench; Ulex floridus Salisb.; Ulex hibernicus G.Don; Ulex major Thore; Ulex opistholepis Webb; Ulex strictus J.Mackay; Ulex vernalis Thore
Growth formShrub
Seed dispersal morphologyBallistic, Fleshy fruit/Edible/Aril
Maximum height (m)4
Capable of vegetative reproductionYes
Native rangeEurope
Exotic range (Australia)ACT, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA
Exotic range (other)Europe, South America, Oceania, Pacific Ocean Islands
Habitat types (exotic)Agricultural land, Bushland, Coastal vegetation/sand dunes, Disturbed areas (including trails), Dry sclerophyll Forest, Forest, Grasslands, Heathlands, Pastures, Riparian systems, Roadsides, Urban areas, gardens and parks, Wastelands, Wet sclerophyll Forest, Woodlands
Soil type (exotic)Acidic, Clay, Fertile, Most soil types, Sandy
Decade of introduction1880

National Climate Change Impact

Invasive Class 3

The area of suitable habitat and the habitat suitability of observations, for this species, are projected to decrease or remain the same under RCP 8.5 2065 compared to current climate suitability.

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

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Current suitable habitat

2035 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2065 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


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