Jatropha gossypifolia

Family Euphorbiaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [Weeds of National Significance]
Common namesBellyache Bush, Black Physic Nut, Cotton-leaf Jatropha, Cotton-leaf Physic Nut, Cotton-leaved Physic-Nut
SynonymsJatropha gossypiifolia orth. var. Mull.Arg.; Manihot gossypifolia (L.) Crantz
Growth formShrub
Seed dispersal morphologyElaiosome, Hydrochorous (buoyant seed)
Maximum height (m)4
Capable of vegetative reproductionYes
Native rangeCentral America, North America, South America, West Indes
Exotic range (Australia)NT, QLD, WA
Exotic range (other)Southern Africa, Asia, Indian Ocean Islands, Pacific Ocean Islands
Habitat types (exotic)Coastal vegetation/sand dunes, Disturbed areas (including trails), Forest, Grasslands, Pastures, Riparian systems, Roadsides, Thickets, Urban areas, gardens and parks, Wastelands, Woodlands
Soil type (exotic)Clay, Gravel/stony, Loamy, Sandy, Well drained
Decade of introduction1910

National Climate Change Impact

Invasive Class 3

The area of suitable habitat and the habitat suitability of observations, for this species, are projected to decrease or remain the same under RCP 8.5 2065 compared to current climate suitability.

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

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Current suitable habitat

2035 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2065 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


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