Ailanthus altissima

Family Simaroubacaceae

Species Profile

Species classification Invasive [NSW's Noxious Weeds]
Common namesChinese Sumac, Copal Tree, Hemelboom, Stinking Cedar, Tree-of-heaven, Varnish Tree
SynonymsAilanthus glandulosa Desf.; Ailanthus rhodoptera F.Muell.; Ailantus rhodoptera orth. var. F.Muell.; Toxicodendron altissimum Mill.
Growth formShrub, Tree
Seed dispersal morphologyWing/Achene/Pappus
Maximum height (m)25
Capable of vegetative reproductionYes
Native rangeEast Asia
Exotic range (Australia)NSW, QLD, SA, VIC, WA
Exotic range (other)Europe, North America, Oceania, Pacific Ocean Islands, South America
Habitat types (exotic)Disturbed areas (including trails), Dry sclerophyll forest, Floodplains, Forest, Grasslands, Pastures, Riparian systems, Roadsides, Thickets, Urban areas, gardens and parks, Wastelands
Soil type (exotic)Clay, Infertile - low fertility, Sandy
Decade of introduction1810

National Climate Change Impact

Invasive Class 3

The area of suitable habitat and the habitat suitability of observations, for this species, are projected to decrease or remain the same under RCP 8.5 2065 compared to current climate suitability.

Maps of Habitat Suitability & Recorded Occurrences

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Current suitable habitat

2035 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

2065 suitable habitat
(RCP 8.5)

Recorded occurrences

Recorded occurrences


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